Someone sees your concealed weapon in public and panics: maybe your shirt lifted when you pulled your wallet from your pocket, revealing your waistband carry; maybe your purse was held open just a second too long. What are the legal and practical implications? Let’s spend some time discussing how best to handle that moment when someone in public reacts negatively to seeing your concealed firearm. Let’s first begin by reviewing Georgia’s concealed carry law.
We know that a Weapons Carry License holder shall be authorized to carry a weapon in every location in Georgia not specifically prohibited by statute; you can find that authorization in O.C.G.A.. § 16-11-127. This includes public locations: banks, restaurants, even the grocery store. The owner or person in legal control of any of these public locations can exclude or eject an individual in possession of a firearm, but you must be given notice first. That isn’t our issue, however. Our issue is another individual in public who is alarmed simply because you’re carrying a firearm.
What if this concerned citizen informs management? That’s fine. With your Weapons Carry License, you are lawful to carry in a public space, either openly or concealed. If the owner or manager of the public location asks you to leave, you must leave. Simple and to the point: if the individual in control of the premises says go, you go. No harm, no foul. You take your firearm and you go. That’s the law.What if our concerned citizen calls the police? Remember, you’ve done nothing wrong. You are a Weapons Carry License holder, and therefore may carry in public, either openly or concealed. Go on about your business. If the officer arrives and begins to question you, keep these two things in mind:
Number 1: in order to carry in public ( where “public” is generally considered to be outside your home, car, or place of business, among other exceptions), either openly or concealed, you must have your Weapons Carry License with you. O.C.G.A.§ 16-11-137 clearly requires every license holder possess his or her valid Weapons Carry License in his or her immediate possession at all times when carrying a weapon. If you are exempted for any reason from carrying a Weapons Carry License, carry proof of the exemption with you. You lose the benefits and protections of your Weapons Carry License if you fail to carry it and have it with you when carrying a firearm. No license equals bad news and likely arrest, so make sure you carry it with you.
Number 2: the very same statute, O.C.G.A.§16-11-137, states in plain language, understandable by every police officer, that a person carrying a weapon shall not be subject to detention for the sole purpose of investigating whether such person has a Weapons Carry License. It is highly questionable whether the mere fact you have a firearm in public provides enough suspicion for an officer to question you about that firearm, but the law is without question: if you have a weapon, you are not subject to detention solely to determine whether you possess a Weapons Carry License. If you find yourself in a position where the officer won’t take no for an answer, however, don’t answer questions; invoke your right to an attorney. Be polite but firm. Always remember, you never have to submit to questioning by law enforcement.
How should you react if confronted directly by this worried shopper, this concerned citizen? I believe this could be the best response: if you don’t have to talk to police, you surely don’t have to talk to a private citizen. If you are worried your responses may be taken out of context by someone who is already on edge about your weapon (and that’s not an unreasonable concern), don’t take the bait. Complete your bank transaction, your shopping trip, or your cheeseburger, and move along. Don’t respond, don’t engage. Remember, as lawful Weapons Carry License holders, we often must make more informed and civilized decisions than others. Don’t give that frightened member of the public the reaction he or she may want – or that police may look for – to justify intervening.
If your frightened onlooker demands a response, or a response is simply unavoidable, the most simple and reasonable is best: “Have a nice day.” As with so many things, less is more. Of course it’s your Second Amendment right to possess a firearm, and of course Georgia law allows you to do so. But you won’t win a debate in the line at the grocery store, because it’s hard to have a civil discussion with someone who’s panicked. Remember, my advice is not to engage at all, but if a response is unavoidable, “Have a nice day” works best. Your goal is to protect yourself and to leave the establishment with your life and liberty intact. Take the high road, knowing you’re in the right. You may call the police if you feel threatened, and as always, you may lawfully protect yourself if the situation demands.
In our world, people are easily offended and just as easily frightened. Be mindful of this when you carry, and realize your best weapon could be a cool head!